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精品文档 语言学概论期末复*题(2) Ⅰ. Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and choose the letter A, B, C or D. (20%) “I can refer to Confucius even though was dead 2000 years ago.” This shows that language has the design feature of ___________. A. arbitrariness B. creativity C. Duality D. displacement 2. “ Don’t end a sentence with a preposition”. This is an example of __________ grammar. A. prescriptive B. descriptive C. transformational D. functional 3. Using language for sheer joy of using it shows that language has a ____________ function. A. metalingual B. recreational C. informative D. performative 4. ___________ is the smallest meaning unit in the lexical system of language A. word B. lexeme C. morpheme D. Stem 5. The “semantic triangle” was first proposed by _______. A. Plato and Aristotle B. Ogden and Richards C. Chomsky and Halle D. Leech and Palmer 6. Saussure believed that language is a system of signs. This sign is the union of a form and an idea, which Saussure called _______. A. langue and parole B. signifier and signified C. speech and writing D. system and function 7. Many modern linguists have criticized traditional grammarians for adopting a _____ approach to language study. A. synchronic B. diachronic C. prescriptive D. descriptive 8. The fact that different languages have different words for the same object is good proof that human language is . A. arbitrary B. rational C. logical D. cultural 9. Morphemes that represent “tense”, “number”, “gender”, “case” and so forth are called morphemes. A. inflectional B. bound C. free D. derivational 10. The English word “modernizers” is composed of morphemes. A. four B. three C. two D. five 11. “Unless I hear from her, I won’t leave this town” is a sentence. A. simple B. coordinate C. complex D. compound 12. In the following pairs of words, are a pair of complementary antonyms. 精品文档 精品文档 A. old and young C. hot and cold B. male and female D. buy and sell 13. The stimulus-response theory was proposed by . A. Firth B. Halliday C. Bloomfield D. Chomsky 14. As far as the sentence “My bag is heavy” is concerned, linguists of pragmatics are more interested in its ______ meaning. A. literal B. logical C. contextual D. grammatical 15. A speaker’s knowledge of the total set of rules, conventions, etc., governing the skilled use of language in a society is term



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